1 Cor 15:1â€“2 Friends, let me go over the Message with you one final timeâ€” this Message that I proclaimed and that you made your own; this Message on which you took your stand and by which your life has been saved. (Iâ€™m assuming, now, that your belief was the real thing and not a passing fancy, that youâ€™re in this for good and holding fast.)
3â€“9 The first thing I did was place before you what was placed so emphatically before me: that the Messiah died for our sins, exactly as Scripture tells it; that he was buried; that he was raised from death on the third day, again exactly as Scripture says; that he presented himself alive to Peter, then to his closest followers, and later to more than five hundred of his followers all at the same time, most of them still around (although a few have since died); that he then spent time with James and the rest of those he commissioned to represent him; and that he finally presented himself alive to me. It was fitting that I bring up the rear. I donâ€™t deserve to be included in that inner circle, as you well know, having spent all those early years trying my best to stamp Godâ€™s church right out of existence.
10â€“11 But because God was so gracious, so very generous, here I am. And Iâ€™m not about to let his grace go to waste. Havenâ€™t I worked hard trying to do more than any of the others? Even then, my work didnâ€™t amount to all that much. It was God giving me the work to do, God giving me the energy to do it. So whether you heard it from me or from those others, itâ€™s all the same: We spoke Godâ€™s truth and you entrusted your lives.
12â€“15 Now, let me ask you something profound yet troubling. If you became believers because you trusted the proclamation that Christ is alive, risen from the dead, how can you let people say that there is no such thing as a resurrection? If thereâ€™s no resurrection, thereâ€™s no living Christ. And face itâ€”if thereâ€™s no resurrection for Christ, everything weâ€™ve told you is smoke and mirrors, and everything youâ€™ve staked your life on is smoke and mirrors. Not only that, but we would be guilty of telling a string of barefaced lies about God, all these affidavits we passed on to you verifying that God raised up Christâ€”sheer fabrications, if thereâ€™s no resurrection.
16â€“20 If corpses canâ€™t be raised, then Christ wasnâ€™t, because he was indeed dead. And if Christ werenâ€™t raised, then all youâ€™re doing is wandering about in the dark, as lost as ever. Itâ€™s even worse for those who died hoping in Christ and resurrection, because theyâ€™re already in their graves. If all we get out of Christ is a little inspiration for a few short years, weâ€™re a pretty sorry lot. But the truth is that Christ has been raised up, the first in a long legacy of those who are going to leave the cemeteries.
21â€“28 There is a nice symmetry in this: Death initially came by a man, and resurrection from death came by a man. Everybody dies in Adam; everybody comes alive in Christ. But we have to wait our turn: Christ is first, then those with him at his Coming, the grand consummation when, after crushing the opposition, he hands over his kingdom to God the Father. He wonâ€™t let up until the last enemy is downâ€”and the very last enemy is death! As the psalmist said, â€œHe laid them low, one and all; he walked all over them.â€ When Scripture says that â€œhe walked all over them,â€ itâ€™s obvious that he couldnâ€™t at the same time be walked on. When everything and everyone is finally under Godâ€™s rule, the Son will step down, taking his place with everyone else, showing that Godâ€™s rule is absolutely comprehensiveâ€”a perfect ending!
29 Why do you think people offer themselves to be baptized for those already in the grave? If thereâ€™s no chance of resurrection for a corpse, if Godâ€™s power stops at the cemetery gates, why do we keep doing things that suggest heâ€™s going to clean the place out someday, pulling everyone up on their feet alive?
30â€“33 And why do you think I keep risking my neck in this dangerous work? I look death in the face practically every day I live. Do you think Iâ€™d do this if I wasnâ€™t convinced of your resurrection and mine as guaranteed by the resurrected Messiah Jesus? Do you think I was just trying to act heroic when I fought the wild beasts at Ephesus, hoping it wouldnâ€™t be the end of me? Not on your life! Itâ€™s resurrection, resurrection, always resurrection, that undergirds what I do and say, the way I live. If thereâ€™s no resurrection, â€œWe eat, we drink, the next day we die,â€ and thatâ€™s all there is to it. But donâ€™t fool yourselves. Donâ€™t let yourselves be poisoned by this anti-resurrection loose talk. â€œBad company ruins good manners.â€
34 Think straight. Awaken to the holiness of life. No more playing fast and loose with resurrection facts. Ignorance of God is a luxury you canâ€™t afford in times like these. Arenâ€™t you embarrassed that youâ€™ve let this kind of thing go on as long as you have?
35â€“38 Some skeptic is sure to ask, â€œShow me how resurrection works. Give me a diagram; draw me a picture. What does this â€˜resurrection bodyâ€™ look like?â€ If you look at this question closely, you realize how absurd it is. There are no diagrams for this kind of thing. We do have a parallel experience in gardening. You plant a â€œdeadâ€ seed; soon there is a flourishing plant. There is no visual likeness between seed and plant. You could never guess what a tomato would look like by looking at a tomato seed. What we plant in the soil and what grows out of it donâ€™t look anything alike. The dead body that we bury in the ground and the resurrection body that comes from it will be dramatically different.
39â€“41 You will notice that the variety of bodies is stunning. Just as there are different kinds of seeds, there are different kinds of bodiesâ€”humans, animals, birds, fishâ€”each unprecedented in its form. You get a hint at the diversity of resurrection glory by looking at the diversity of bodies not only on earth but in the skiesâ€”sun, moon, starsâ€”all these varieties of beauty and brightness. And weâ€™re only looking at pre-resurrection â€œseedsâ€â€”who can imagine what the resurrection â€œplantsâ€ will be like!
42â€“44 This image of planting a dead seed and raising a live plant is a mere sketch at best, but perhaps it will help in approaching the mystery of the resurrection bodyâ€”but only if you keep in mind that when weâ€™re raised, weâ€™re raised for good, alive forever! The corpse thatâ€™s planted is no beauty, but when itâ€™s raised, itâ€™s glorious. Put in the ground weak, it comes up powerful. The seed sown is natural; the seed grown is supernaturalâ€”same seed, same body, but what a difference from when it goes down in physical mortality to when it is raised up in spiritual immortality!
45â€“49 We follow this sequence in Scripture: The First Adam received life, the Last Adam is a life-giving Spirit. Physical life comes first, then spiritualâ€”a firm base shaped from the earth, a final completion coming out of heaven. The First Man was made out of earth, and people since then are earthy; the Second Man was made out of heaven, and people now can be heavenly. In the same way that weâ€™ve worked from our earthy origins, letâ€™s embrace our heavenly ends.
50 I need to emphasize, friends, that our natural, earthy lives donâ€™t in themselves lead us by their very nature into the kingdom of God. Their very â€œnatureâ€ is to die, so how could they â€œnaturallyâ€ end up in the Life kingdom?
51â€“57 But let me tell you something wonderful, a mystery Iâ€™ll probably never fully understand. Weâ€™re not all going to dieâ€”but we are all going to be changed. You hear a blast to end all blasts from a trumpet, and in the time that you look up and blink your eyesâ€”itâ€™s over. On signal from that trumpet from heaven, the dead will be up and out of their graves, beyond the reach of death, never to die again. At the same moment and in the same way, weâ€™ll all be changed. In the resurrection scheme of things, this has to happen: everything perishable taken off the shelves and replaced by the imperishable, this mortal replaced by the immortal. Then the saying will come true:
Death swallowed by triumphant Life!
Who got the last word, oh, Death?
Oh, Death, whoâ€™s afraid of you now?
It was sin that made death so frightening and law-code guilt that gave sin its leverage, its destructive power. But now in a single victorious stroke of Life, all threeâ€”sin, guilt, deathâ€”are gone, the gift of our Master, Jesus Christ. Thank God!
58 With all this going for us, my dear, dear friends, stand your ground. And donâ€™t hold back. Throw yourselves into the work of the Master, confident that nothing you do for him is a waste of time or effort.